The United Nations’ Biodiversity nature Conference in Cancun (COP13) in the early months of December. Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto announced that his administration created 4 new natural reserves. The new reserves will create 181 protected natural areas which total 9 million acres. 70 million in the ocean and 21 million in land in Mexico’s current 25, million acres of reserve and biospheres.
Many welcomed the announcement with excitement. Protected natural habitats are one of the most vital and effective ways to protect biodiversity and protecting habitats from loss.
If done properly When done properly, they can serve as a guideline. For how humans may live in peace with its environment instead of destroying it. However, Mexico faces many hurdles in implementing its plan. The factors that complicate the newly protected zones include mass tourism, organized criminality, indigenous populations and general profit-making.
Man Versus Nature
The Mexican Caribbean Biosphere, slated to encompass all of the Mesoamerican Reef. Would safeguard the most significant turtle beach located in Quintana Roo state. On the Yucatan Peninsula, and prohibit exploration of oil throughout the Mexican Caribbean Sea.
It’s all good news. However, because the reserve encompasses Cancun, Playa del Carmen and Tulum and Playa del Carmen. The law recognizes that tourism is an important aspect in these regions.
Environmental protection is beneficial to tourism as well. However, Mexico has managed the sector poorly, which has led to negative environmental effects in the vicinity of Cancun.
New rules that demand that every new development is sustainably constructed should prevent further. Irreparable harm for the delicate and fragile coastal ecosystem, but it’s not a cure-all.
Another marine reserve that is new The Biosphere of the Mexican Pacific Deep, encompasses nearly the entire Mexican Pacific shore. Its goal is to safeguard the diverse biodiversity that is found in marine habitats. That lie off the coasts in Nayarit, Jalisco, Colima, Michoacan, Guerrero, Oaxaca and Chiapas states. This comprises 42 species of corals with stony shells 1,006 algae species, and more than 920 species of endemic Molluscs.
Reproduction Habitats Nature
Assuring their reproduction habitats is not easy, and it will involves controlling activities related to fishing communities and beaches across seven states. Five of the seven states are among the poorest of Mexico, while Guerrero, Michoacan, Colima and Jalisco are the most violent.
This huge natural space could offer the opportunity for growth in the region that is currently in desperate need of. In the current rules Nature preserves are in the hands of zoning, which defines the permit land use for each zone.
The core areas, the access to land is limited and the existing residents have to be relocated. In certain areas, activities for business like tourism, mining and forestry are still possible.
Theory, those who are displaced are able to work in new industries, particularly tourism, and be part of the green economy. However, in actual practice these programs often remove locals from their land while restricting traditional economic activities like fishing, and forcing people to move.
Marine-Based Biosphere Reserve Pacific Islands
The Marine-based Biosphere Reserve Pacific Islands of the Baja California Peninsula, which includes 21 islands as well as 97 islets, is also facing similar threats. In recent times the two areas, Baja California and Baja California Sur where you can find Tijuana as well as Los Cabos, have seen an increase in disputes between fishermen, environmentalists and tourism companies.
The latest newly designate natural reserve that been formally designate is call that of the Sierra de Tamaulipas Biosphere Reserve which is a mountainous region where you can find jaguars and pumas, as well as others wild animal species. It also provides water to several subbasins. The justification for its federal protection dates up to.
Today, the region has strong cartel activity and this makes restricting activities by humans in areas of high activity difficult. Locals are bribe, and are subject to threats of violence in order to permit criminal groups to plant what they need to plant. In the presence of cartels, it means that it is difficult for unarmed eco inspectors who can enforce the law and make it difficult for environmentalists and scientists to conduct research on the biosphere of the future.
In all the effort of Pena Nieto is an admirable effort, though it may be badly design. The vast expanse of new land includes multiple states, municipalities and villages with a variety of socio-economic, cultural and religious reality. All of these must thoroughly taken into account in order to ensure that environmental protection is efficient.
Conflicts With The Original Inhabitants Nature
Mexico’s long-running track record in conservation efforts is not without controversy. The Mexican government frequently did not consult with local people prior to naming their land nature reserves. A 2007 study revealed that many people living in the 158 designated areas in Mexico were unaware that they were living within a nature preserve.
Mexico also known for its poor habit of allowing private ownership of protect zones. Entrepreneurs, such as the billionaire mogul of telecoms Carlos Slim. Frequently purchase land and are grant concessions to start extractive operations.
Journalist Nancy Flores’ Project 2030 indicates that at the very minimum, Mexican protected. Areas for wildlife 2.5 million acres of protect land have been privatize partially since.
Restrict Harmful Activities
While regulations should restrict harmful activities to the environment such as mining or logging. The permit system can be easily manipulate and municipal authorities have a limit. Capability to supervise and control these areas.
Ecologist Elisa Armendariz Villagas recently overlayed an image of mining concessions. Granted to 24,715 people until 2010 on an image of the protected nature areas within Mexico. She identified 1,609 mining concessions in nature reserves. She also found that a third of the 63 protected natural areas in the United States were currently being mining.
Journalist Elva Mendoza’s report from 2012 on the investigative journalist website Contralinea disclosed similar mistreatment of government land.
In the absence of constant monitoring by local people, much of Mexico’s expanding expanse of protected. Land will fall in the hands of privateers, becoming unstable, and frequently dangerous territory.